Saffron with the name of Crocus Sativus derived from Iridaceae family is the most precious agricultural plant around the world. The high value of this product led in giving the name of “red gold” to it
Iranian had exported saffron to many places around the world in ancient periods and introduced its properties to Greeks, Romans, Chinese and Sami relatives including Arabs. Iranian taught the method of saffron cultivation to Mediterranean Muslims between 1st and 4th Hegira centuries.